Freshwater was precious and used sparingly, mainly for drinking, cooking, and some personal hygiene with ragee and watermelon soap, which did not mix with seawater.

Seawater was used for most household purposes. Dishes were scoured with sand, and laundry was laid on rocks and pounded with sticks. Personal hygiene in the sea, included the use of sidir powder, (dried kanar leaves ground into powder) to wash the body and hair.

Copper wash basins and pitchers imported from Iraq were generally reserved for visitors.








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